Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods

As we all know that people are suffering from distinct diseases, day by day. Some people are suffering from Diabetes while a few are suffering from High Blood Pressure. In fact, there are so many diseases that are infecting most of the people, including, Diabetes, Asthma, Allergies, Lung cancer, Breast cancer, Colon cancer, Depression, Heart disease, Heart attack, Chronic pain syndromes, Fibromyalgia, Appendicitis, HIV Aids, Pancreatitis, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Hepatitis, Heart failure, Anemia, Melanoma, Metabolic Syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea, Parkinson's disease, Migraine, Osteoporosis, Chlamydia, Hypoglycemia, Reactive hypoglycemia, Chronic bronchitis, Toxoplasmosis, Peripheral Neuropathy, Menopause, Andropause , Rectal cancer, Acromegaly, Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease, Hyperparathyroidism, Hypoparathyroidism, Diabetic diarrhea, Infectious diarrhea, Brain tumor, Stroke, and more.

Frankly, the main aim behind writing this article is to make you aware of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) because this disease is infecting most of the people and it is so important to know about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this disease.

Let's have some knowledge of Dissociative Identity Disorder!

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID):

Dissociative Identity Disorder was previously called as Multiple Personality Disorder. The person with DID possesses two or more distinct personalities and work according to any personality alternatively without knowing. Sometimes, a person also experienced memory loss or forgetfulness.

DID is nothing, but one of a group of conditions called Dissociative Disorders. Dissociative Disorders are a kind of mental illnesses which cause memory disruption or breakdown.

Symptoms of DID:

A person with DID has two or more distinct personalities, including, the person's usual personality and alternate personalities. A person may experience amnesia when alternate personality takes control over the person's behavior. An individual with DID may not or may be aware of the other personality states.

Each alternate personality has distinct individual habits, personal history, way of thinking, etc. In fact, alternate personality may be of different gender, have a different name, or a distinct set of manners & preferences.

DID Shares the Following Psychological Symptoms:

1. Amnesia (memory loss or feeling a time distortion)

2. Anxiety

3. Changing the quality of functioning, from highly effective to disappointing

4. Depersonalization (feeling disconnected from one's own thoughts, feelings, and body)

5. Depression

6. Derealization (feeling that the surrounding environment is foreign, odd, or unreal)

7. Disturbances in eating and sleeping

8. Hallucinations (false perceptions or sensory experiences, such as hearing voices)

9. Problems with functioning sexuality

10. Self-injurious behaviors such as “cutting”

11. Serious headache or pain in other parts of the body

12. Substance abuse

13. Suicide risk – 70% of people with DID have attempted suicide

Causes of DID:

The previous incidents are the key features of Dissociative Identity Disorder. In fact, 90% of the cases of DID involve some history of abuse. The trauma also involves severe emotional, physical and sexual abuse. It may also be linked to accidents, natural disasters and war.

The episodes of DID can be triggered by myriad real and symbolic traumas, including, minor traffic accident, adult illness and stress.

There are following Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder:

1. An innate ability to dissociate easily

2. Repeated episodes of severe physical or sexual abuse in childhood

3. Lack of a supportive or comforting person to counteract abusive relative (s)

4. Influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders

Treatment of DID:

The main objective of DID treatment is to relieve symptoms, ensuring the safety of the individual and changing multiple personalities into one integrated and well-functioning identity.

The treatment also aims to help the person safety express and process painful memories, develop new coping skills and life skills, restore optimal functioning and improve relationships. In fact, the best treatment approach depends on the individual, the nature of any identifiable triggers, and severity of the symptoms.

Most Likely Treatment Includes the Following Methods:

1. Psychotherapy: It is also known as “talk therapy”, is the main treatment for dissociative disorders. It is a broad term that includes several forms of therapy.

2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This is one of the forms of psychotherapy, which focuses on changing dysfunctional thinking patterns, behaviors and feelings.

3. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): This treatment technique was created to treat people with persistent nightmares, flashbacks and other signs of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

4. Dialectic-behavioral therapy (DBT): A form of psychotherapy for people with severe personality disorders, which can involve dissociative signs that often occur after an experience of abuse or trauma.

5. Family therapy: This helps a little in order to teach the family members about the disorder as well as the family members recognize signs of a recurrence.

6. Creative therapies: These therapies include art therapy and music therapy, which allow patients to explore as well as express their feelings, thoughts and experiences in a safe and creative environment.

7. Meditation and relaxation techniques: These help people to better tolerate their dissociative signs and become more aware of their internal states.

8. Clinical hypnosis: This is also one of the treatment methods, which uses intension concentration, focused attention and relaxation to achieve an altered state of consciousness. This allows people to explore thoughts, feeling and memories which may be hidden from their conscious minds.

9. Medication: Medication is necessary in order to provide proper treatment to the patient. In fact, an individual with DID must be treated with anti-anxiety or antidepressant medication.

Top Medical University – An Initial and Important Step to Get Rid of Various Diseases:

A medical school is an initial and important step to get rid of myriad dangerous diseases like DID. These medical colleges provide not only theoretical, but practical knowledge regarding different kinds of dangerous diseases to the medical students so that they can participate in the current researches for the well-being of the patients who are suffering from various dangerous diseases, such as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID).

An individual can find unlimited Best Medical Universities across the world, where they can begin their professional career and give life to their dream of making a healthy and happy world forever. In fact, these universities provide direct MBBS admission without entrance test and donation at nominal fees.

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Intellectual Conversations With Very Old Americans – Is It Worthy Of A High IQ Person’s Time?

If you are a high IQ individual, you probably like to engage in intellectual conversations. However, before you attempt to have such a conversation with a 90+ year old person, realize that they will get tired after more than an hour or so, and during the conversation their processing speed will not quite be up to speed with your abilities . This does not mean you should have a high-end intellectual conversation with them, you should, especially if they've done a lot in their life, they're going to have a lot of wisdom from all those endeavors – so you'd be wise to soak some of it.

Indeed, I noted that often people who are very old are not great at intellectual conversations – because because so many of them have not had a lot of practice laately – no one to relate to, talk to, or with similar references, as many were not alive 95 years ago, did not grow up in the 1920s and 1930s, experience the depression, World Wars up close. Their stories are great, and they are very interesting, their wisdom is worthy too, and we should listen to them.

However, if you are a super high IQ person, generally speaking, they can not follow along at the rates of speed of thought that someone who is under 70-years old and has an active mind. This does not mean I would not like to sit and talk with Henry Kissinger, Karl Icahn, Rupert Murdoch, Redstone, or even that left-leaning trouble maker and admitted socist George Soros, I would, as they have insight and wisdom.

Now then, if we are talking about future concepts, they generally will not have the current knowledge needed or the ability to consider the applications of new science breakthroughs, although if alert they can relate to changes they're ' ve lived through vaguely similar and sometimes remember you that “this time it's different” is a scary position to take. I think I would have loved to have talked with Arthur C. Clarke before he died a few years ago or Buzz Aldrin who died recently. In fact, I bought a few books today from these two gentleman. I also watched several of their interviews on YouTube.

What I am saying is this, to discuss intellectual topics with a +90 year old, you have to slow it down, keep it at or around an hour, be careful that 'loop', listen to their wisdom, and their advice, but do not be surprised if their processing speed can not keep up with yours. Think on this.

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Trying Psychotherapy? Use Your Employee Assistance Program

Four reasons why you should use your Employee Assistance Program psychotherapy services.

One: EAP program resources offer you an opportunity to have an initial experience of short term therapy at no cost.

If you have never seen a therapist before you may wish test out how the process works for you or consider a particular therapeutic orientation. Cognitive Behavioral? Emotion focused? Psychodynamic? Which one suits you best? Most Employee Assistance Programs offer a variety of therapeutic modalities and a preliminary conversation with the EAP case manager who does your intake can help ensure a good fit for your needs and personality.

Two: Examine a particular situation or difficulty from a new angle

In complex emotional situations, you may feel, “I do not even know where to start!” A psychotherapist can help you create a focus, identify the most relevant aspects of your problem and / or help you decide where your efforts will be most productive. The “outsider” or “expert” point of view can help you to explore whether your experiences are “normal and expected” under the circumstances … or wherever your symptoms fall in a range that might require medication or more concern.

Three: Crises or Transitions: The rough patches of life

A steadying voice can often help you manage common emotional and psychological challenges such as relational ruptures, the illness of a loved one or a new medical diagnosis. Even a restructuring in the office or an unwanted move can create pressures and strains which may outstrip your normal coping skills. A therapist who has seen many individuals experience similar crises can often help in getting through a difficult patch of life “gracefully” and help you avoid common mistakes and pitfalls associated with transitional life experiences. Therapy can provide a neutral space where you can reflect on your situation where there will be no criticism or professional or social repercussions.

Four: “Wellness work” How to live a good life better.

Periodic mental health check ups, timely explorations ofcoming personal changes such as graduation, career development, retirement, menopause, empty nesting can help avoid unnecessary confusion and distress. Existent questions of worth and meaning, the universal challenges of aging and loss, spiritual questions or questions of secular spirituality can all be explored in a counseling or psychotherapy setting. Even “positive stressors” such as weddings, pregnancy, ascending parenthood, moving or promotions can cause emotional upheavals and raise questions that it may help to get perspective on.

Many people wonder whether it is useful, proper or even safe to use their EAP services when they are going through difficult times.

While we may ideally wish to live in a work-community where our employers are attentive to our emotional and psychological needs as human beings, many workplaces are not set up to facilitate this and many employers do not have the personal qualities or the training to support their workers emotionally.

Employee Assistance Programs are a way that many institutions have created to ensure that employees' personal, emotional and psychological needs are met. Employees should feel no shame about accessing these services


Every EAP is also highly aware of and respectful of the privacy of their clients. EAP psychotherapy programs are designed to protect confidentiality and ensure that there are no professional or social repercussions when seeking psychological support.

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Protecting Your Mental Health And Your Life Thanks To Dream Messages

Many people try to get rid of their nightmares without understanding their messages because they suppose that their dreams are produced by their imagination. This is a big mistake that Carl Jung's work and my work denounce.

All dreams are well-organized according to the dream logic and can be clearly comprehended when we know the dream language. Carl Jung was a genius who managed to discover how to translate God's symbolic language in dreams. I had to complete his research in order to prove this fact to the world.

All dreams contain important messages that help us understand the mental health problems caused by our anti-conscience and by our psychological type.

The existence of a demon in our brain is clearly reflected in numerous dream images. All dreams try to protect our conscience from the demon's attacks. This is why we have many scary nightmares and bad dreams.

You have to learn God's symbolic language made only by images in order to clearly understand the dream messages and verify that they come from a superior mind, since they help you understand your problems and find solutions.

Now that you know that you have a satanic anti-conscience you have to stop believing that you can easily be happy in life and care about saving your conscience. There are more than too many dangers threatening your mental health and your life.

The scientific method of dream interpretation helps everyone open their eyes and prevent tragedies.

Everyone has dreams with warnings a long time before facing difficult situations that will put their mental health in danger because they have to protect their conscience before completely losing it in order to prevent a certain mental illness.

Instead of being indentured to terror everyone must be afraid of their anti-conscience and afraid of the possibility to face a tragedy in life.

Everything that is bad is the result of our anti-conscience's influence. Therefore, we can prevent all tragedies by eliminating our anti-conscience through dream translation.

Dreams help us prevent premature deaths, including helping us prevent mental disorders, incurable diseases, accidents, and other misfortunes.

This phenomenon was observed numerous times. Many people managed to prevent something bad because they had warnings in their dreams. We can verify this fact when we analyze their life biography, their dreams, and what happened to them in their daily lives.

I simplified the dream language after continuing Carl Jung's research and discovering the existence of the anti-conscience, and after curing many people thanks to Jung's method of dream interpretation during 19 years before publishing my work.

So, you can learn the dream language thanks to my simplifications and verify by yourself that everything I'm telling you is true. This is simple now that I discovered the meaning of many dream symbols after arduous research and many comparisons. I teach you how to easily discover the meaning of a dream symbol now that I discovered the essential.

When I started caring about the meaning of dreams (in 1984) because I had serious mental health problems and I was pregnant I ignored more than too much, but I managed to understand the dream language after seriously studying Carl Jung's method of dream interpretation during four years, and I was a very obedient student and patient.

Today you know a lot more about the meaning of dreams than me when I was in the beginning of my research. So, you can easily find the solutions you need.

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Working With Seniors Struggling With Dementia – Meant to Be

I remember my first job working with seniors. I was fourteen years old in a sleepy town on the West Coast of Florida in 1985. It was a nursing home and my job was to serve coffee and talk to seniors. Pretty easy right, but actually it was very disturbing. Within my first hour, I was assaulted by a man in a wheelchair when my boss left me alone in a room. While my first reaction was to run away and never come back I kept coming back. When I think back about how residents were treated in 1985, it was pretty bad. The residents were tied to wheelchairs to keep them from trying to get up. This was supposed to keep them from falling. At night they were tied to their beds. Their only time to walk … when they had to go to the bathroom. I continued this job for two summers. My conclusion, never to work with seniors or in healthcare again.

Fast forward 10 years, I was married, had a baby son and had just graduated from college with a Marketing degree. I had moved across the state to get away from that sleepy town on the West Coast, but jobs were scarce for a 24 year old with very little work experience. I applied everywhere. Then, miraculously I received two job offers. A marketing assistant job with GE / GE Financial Assurance in Orlando or an administrator in training to an Executive Director for an Adult Congregate Care Facility in that sleepy town again. Umm let me think. I chose GE.

I worked for corporate for 10 years. I was laid off after 9/11 and wounded up back in that sleepy town again with a family in tow. I made the move to be closer to my folks, who my kids barely knew. I worked in real estate for 10 years with my dad. One night, he suddenly past away at 64 years of age. I sold the business. But I was forever glad I made that move, or else my kids would have never gotten the chance to get to know him.

After taking a year off, I struggled with what to do as my third and final career. It was now after 2008 and healthcare seemed to be the only solid market. It was now, twenty-five years since I had that first job in the nursing home. Things had changed, had not it?

I entered as a Private Duty Home Health Marketer. I worked with families with a dementia loved one that needed private duty in their home, but if this was not always the best or financially feasible solution, I assisted them in finding a suitable solution. Assisted Livings. At first I was over protective of the resident. Looking for ways for them to be the safest, which did not always mean an assisted living facility. Rehab / Long Term Care facilities often offered the safest solution but would medicate the resident to keep them from wandering or falling. Hmm … was starting to sound familiar. The restraints were different but the technique the same.

Private duty was not really a good fit for me, so I was hired by a company to do inside sales for a Rehab / Nursing Home. Ironically enough, the same exact nursing home I worked for 25 years earlier. This was my first sign that maybe I was supposed to be here. I did find that things had changed. I worked for a wonderful administrator who had created a computer room a fen shui room and lots of rehab rooms. The company was now Christian based and the workers were very happy. My first discovery … 1. Happy employees create happy residents.

Only a few of the residents at this facility had dementia that they had to keep an eye on. Beepers told the receptionist someone was trying to wander out the door. One resident had a picture of her husband's tombstone above her bed to keep reminding her he was dead. We were taught to keep telling her this. I cringe now when I think of this.

Very shortly thereafter, I received a job offer I just could not refuse. I raised my family again and moved back to Orlando. To the same company that offered me the Adult Congregate Care Facility position 25 years earlier. Here, my second sign. The building was all memory care and focused on blue collar families. The building also took the med waiver. The building had an image problem of being primarily psych patients and dirty. Within a few months, I had the building cleaned up and almost full. The true psych residents I replaced with wonderful fun loving dementia residents. It was then, I discovered my love for working seniors struggling with dementia.

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Improving the Lives of Patients With Alzheimer’s Care

Symptoms of Alzheimer's manifest themselves depending on the individual, but the amount of attention and care needed always increases as the condition advances. Planning ahead and crafting a tailor plan with a healthcare professional can make it possible to provide patients with quality care while ensuring flexibility for future needs. In-home Alzheimer's care is often the preferred option because it offers the patient a familiar environment while keeping them close to their family members.

Understanding the Needs of Alzheimer's Patients

It is important first to understand the needs of a senior with Alzheimer's before creating a plan. Needs can vary depending on the severity of their condition. Patients with mild cases may forget events or names of familiar people. They also tend to lose the ability to plan and organize properly. When the condition becomes moderate, confusion and memory loss become apparent. They may need help in doing tasks such as bathing and dressing. Sleep problems and inconsistency are also common health issues. They may start to wander, so they should never be left alone. When the condition becomes severe, seniors usually require help with almost all their needs. They may be unable to talk and recognize their close family members. Patients may also need help to sit or stand.

Benefits of In-Home Services

This type of care offers patients a familiar environment that they know and understand. Personalized routines and schedules can help seniors avoid the anxiety and confusion of new surroundings. Being close to family members also helps seniors to enjoy the company of their loved ones whenever they want. While at home, the patient may be more willing to open up and build positive relationships with the helpers.

Services Caregivers Offer to Alzheimer's Patients

The types of services the senior recipients depend on the severity of the condition. The most common types of services include companion services, personal services, homemaker services, and skilled care. For mild cases, the professional can help with tasks such as bathing, dressing, medication reminders, basic personal hygiene assistance, light housekeeping, laundry, and meal planning. If the case is severe, many services can be available 24-hours a day, and a family can make these arrangements with the agency. The patient can have two or three caregivers every day working in shifts to offer consistent Alzheimer's care.

Working with a Professional Caregiver

It is important for families first to identify the needs of their loved ones to ensure a patient gets the correct support. Giving a professional caregiver all the necessary tools and resources that they need to attend to the senior is essential. Keeping the lines of communication open is important and helps to improve the relationship between the helper and the family. Solid communication also allows families to feel comfortable speaking up about the type of Alzheimer's care that they expect from a helper.

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Substance Abuse and Mental Illness – Two Sides of the Same Coin

Substance use disorders and mental illnesses often go hand in hand. Thus, one can not get his or her depression or anxiety treated until the addiction to drugs or alcohol has been addressed. In fact, both theseorders feed on each, wreaking havoc on an individual's well-being.

However, due to lack of awareness, many people suffering from such dual condition are not getting the right kind of treatments. While 50 percent of general psychiatric patients also suffer from a substance use disorder, only 7.4 percent of individuals receive treatment for both the conditions, said a report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Precisely, around 37 percent of alcoholics and 53 percent of drug abusers face a high risk of developing a mental illness at any given point, said the report.

An urge to self-medic mood disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder or anxiety, is the driving force behind a person's addiction to drugs or alcohol. Similarly, a persistent drug abuse or dependence can lead to symptoms of mental health issues. However, both these conditions also share certain common triggers, such as family history of dual diagnosis, stress levels, past traumatic experiences, degree of exposure to drugs etc.

Rapid increase in dual diagnosis cases in America

Studies have shown that in the United States, Hispanics are more susceptible to both alcohol and drug abuse than other ethnic groups. Beside, Hispanics also face higher odds of falling prey to depression and an additional substance use problem. Although, the causes of such disparities are highly debatable, the truth is no single ethnic group in America is immune to the dangers of dual diagnosis.

Research shows that men are significantly more vulnerable to suffer from dual diagnosis than women. Other sections of the society which face a strikingly high risk include individuals from lower social and economic groups, veterans from the armed forces and those with more general medical illnesses.

According to mental health experts, genes and other hereditary factors may put individuals at the risk of addiction and mental health-related problems, with a greater possibility of an overlap between such genetic factors. These overlapping factors indicate that some people are more likely to develop multiple disorders than others.

Importantly, if there is any impairment in an individual's reward and stress functions, which are strongly linked to addiction, it could also render them vulnerable to coexisting conditions. It has been found that those suffering from schizophrenia and those who are addicted to drugs have impaired reward pathways with a high concentration of dopamine activity. People depend on drugs to gain euphoria, without realizing that their substance abuse can trigger latent mental illnesses, making them worse over time.

Dual diagnosis is treatable

Dual diagnosis can be treated with a specialized treatment provided to address both the mental disorder and the substance use disorder at the same time. Substance-induced mental health disorders can be induced if one avoids addictive substances. Mental health issues may seem treatable in the beginning but can become sever with the passage of time. It is important to screen patients for potential cognitive impairment and provide integrated treatment that caters to both the disorders.

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Why All the Running?

A friend of mine asked me about my relationship with athletics. He was curious about my involvement in sports as a youngster and my current passion towards the fitness world. It was a valid question, to which I really had no answer. Like most things, it sort of blew right over me, but I have found myself hashing and re-hashing just what it is about sports and fitness that has attracted me for most of my life.

Life moves very, very fast for me, and I often feel ill-equipped for this world. I am very indecisive, insecure, and unsure about most everything. The act of learning has always given me anxiety. I feel as if my brain can only hold so much data, and if it's overloaded, it will corrupt the file and I will lose everything (true story). My “final decision” is just the beginning of a very long list of situations, scenarios, and circumstances, in which I have about 500 “final decisions.” I can not start a task until everything in my environment perfectly suits me, which means many tasks do not get started. Every question requires a thousand “what if” scenarios, always leaving loose ends in my head.

Classrooms suffocate me and make me feel small. The way that my clothes fit often give me anxiety. Often a suggestion is viewed as a threat. I have always been a slow learner, but never left behind. When I am in a room full of people I feel that “everyone knows”. I am not sure what exactly they know … but they know, and that can not be good. The medications only leave me wanting more medicine, and the diagnosis and the reasons just do not seem important. I am this way because I am, and it's just the way it is.

It's all just so much. The fast pace. The Commitments. The learning. The decisions. There are deadlines, and homework, and tests, and presentations. There are bills, there are taxes, there are relationships and family. There is gossip and arguments, disagreements, and resentment. There is so much thought that can be put into details, but I feel like my mental organizer is broke. It can go on forever, the ride of insecurity. I can never think through all the scenarios that are possible. I feel like I will break.

… But then there are sports, and lifting, and running.

This is when life slooooowwwws way down. This is when the variables, the opportunities, and the strategies become few. I guess I get a feeling of being in control, like there is not so much chaos, not so many unknowns. There is only so much that can go wrong, and so much that can go right. I feel more protected when I am in the field of play. I feel like I am blanketed with the feeling of safety, like the margin of error can only be so great.

I can remember as a child, I could not wait for a ball game. I felt like I was going on a sixty minute vacation. I never wanted the games to end. I even remember the anxiety starting to creep in as it drew closer to the fourth quarter. It was not even so much about the winning or losing, but just having to go back to reality- to the world of indecisiveness, anxiety and unknowns. I hated when the whistle blew, or when the time had expired. I hated to go back to the confusion of reality. The disorganization, the loose ends, and all the mistakes were there, waiting. I could be so foolish, and I felt that I was always one bad impulse decision from being in trouble again.

Today, it's the running, the distance, the endurance. It's the knowing that on the trail I am in complete control. Sure, there are injuries and health risks around me, but those things are limited and most of these situations involve black and white solutions. The control that comes with knowing that I have three, five, ten, or even twenty hours of black and white in front of me, well the physical exertion is a small price to pay. It's knowing that the only rule is “move forward”, the pace and the speed are strictly up to me. It's knowing that even if there was a problem, it would not be able to find me-not until I'm finished with the task that's at hand.

It's the camaraderie, the community, and the common goal that's in front of us. It's the knowing that the right decision is “always keep going”. There is no reason to question this, except your body says, “no”. There is no wavering, no second thoughts, no regrets, and no doubt. It's simply keep going. Keep going till you're done.

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Mental Health Is Related to Financial Health

Financial health is often linked to an individual's mental health. Constant worrying can deteriorate one's mental health, leading to several mental disorders; whereas, an existing mental illness may deprive someone of his or her ability to manage finances efficiently.

In the United States, poor financial health is often associated with piling debts. According to a recent report from the Urban Institute, approximately 35 percent of Americans have debt in collections. An individual's debt, which could be a combination of credit card balances, medical bills and unpaid utilities, may have an adverse impact on his or her psychological state.

How mind and money are intertwined

While a healthy mind can deal with debt in an efficient manner, a healthy and smart financial condition can work wonders for the mind. Financial problems and challenges can lead to severe stress and worry, but one can always find a way out or use someone else's perspective to find a remedy.

Financial worries can have the following impact on the brain:

  • An excessive expenditure or increasing debt can cause tremendous anxiety in spite of having a healthy bank balance.
  • Spending may give some anxious people a temporary high, but dealing with financial crisis or debts can heighten the existing stress and anxiety about an unknown future.
  • Simple things in life, such as planning for food, accommodation or medications, may seem cumbersome in the absence of finances, causing further stress and anxiety.
  • Debts or financial problems can affect relationships and social life, which can have a debilitating effect on the mental health.
  • Studies have demonstrated a strong link between suicide and debt. People who committed suicide are eight times more likely to be burdened by debt. Additionally, those who are weighed down by debt are more vulnerable to problem drinking and drug dependence.

What comes first?

Some researchers believe that a chronic anxiety about one's financial difficulties and mounting debt can increase stress levels and reduce resilience against certain mental health issues. On the contrary, some other researchers view mental health problems as major obstacles in managing finances effectively.

Getting stuck in debts increases the likelihood of being affected by a mental illness, and a mental health problem may increase the risk of a significant growth in debt and other financial problems due to sustainability to sustain a regular source of income.

Although debt is a manageable issue, constant struggles with anxiety and depression may ruin the ability to seek a solution to resolve the financial crisis. Moreover, someone burdened with debts will certainly not be in a position to pay for his or her mental health treatment.

But whatever the situation, it is important to deal with financial difficulties and ease one's stress, since money problems can have a long-lasting negative impact on the brain.

Seeking professional help

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), approximately one in five adults in America experiences a mental illness each year. Studies have shown that a significant number of Americans suffering from mental health problems are also likely to be in debt. A sound mental health plays an important role in money management. Therefore, it is vital to be aware of this association to find out effective and customized solutions.

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Group Psychoeducation Is More Effective Than Conventional Bipolar Treatment: Study

Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that affects a person's mood, making him / her experience episodes of great upheavals, both highs and lows, lethargic, and at times hyperactive. However, early stage intervention can help manage the symptoms.

A recent study has revealed that a structured group psychoeducation session is better than the standard peer-support (offered by the United Kingdom's National Health Service or NHS and the voluntary sector) in treating early-stage bipolar patients.

The research by the Universities of Nottingham, Lancaster (Spectrum Center) and Manchester, found that psychoeducation could lay the foundation for an effective early intervention for bipolar disorder patients. They have also called further and extensive researchers to explore the benefits of psychoeducation to prevent further progress of the disorder.

Regarding the efficiency of the research, lead researcher Professor Richard Morriss of the University of Nottingham's School of Medicine and Institute of Mental Health said, “NICE recommended group psychoeducation for bipolar disorder was put into practice in the NHS in England and Wales. effectiveness of the intervention was questioned in the media on the basis that previous research had been low in quality. ”

However, he said that the researchers had “conducted a large high quality randomized controlled trial of group psychoeducation against a rigorous control and this shows that overall there are benefits to people with bipolar disorder.”

Their method was also easy to implement in providing “information support and increasing time before they next have a mania episode, and in especially in people who first develop bipolar disorder where it may consider reduce the number of relapses in bipolar disorder,” as per Professor Richard.

Attendance in psychoeducation groups higher than at peer-support ones

When the researchers enrolled 304 bipolar patients for the trial between September 2009 and June 2012, and randomly assigned them to receive either psychoeducation or peer support, they found that structured group psychoeducation was clinically more effective than unstructured peer support across the whole of the group.

Moreover, an analysis also brought to light the fact that attendance in psychoeducation groups was higher than at the peer-support groups, which means that it was also more popular. The finds also predicted that participants with fewer previous bipolar episodes (less than eight episodes) had benefited from psychoeducation.

The participants in the psychoeducation group also became more aware about the disorder and how it affects the participants on an individual level vis-à-vis social stigma and facing isolation. Many experts are of the view that the strength of the study could lie in its lending credence to the importance of early intervention.

Professor Eduard Vieta, the Spanish psychiatrist and a leading scientific authority on the neurobiology and treatment of bipolar disorder, and Professor Ivette Morilla, a specialist in clinical psychology, also lauded the study.

It could be argued that this was not the primary objective of the study, but at the end of the day this is, indeed, the most pragmatic conclusion that one can take from the study results ,” they said.

In patients with less than eight episodes, PEd significantly delayed time to the next episode, indicating that the intervention may be better suited for subjects at early stages of the illness .”

Recovery road map

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong problem and living with it can be quite unnerving. It affects people in adolescence or early adulthood. But treatment can help patients lead a normal life. And that is possible through intervention at quality treatment centers.

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Can Obesity Accelerate Brain Aging?

Obesity has slowly grown into a national epidemic largely due to the diet and lifestyle we now lead. Many of us consume pounds and pounds of sugar, artificial ingredients and processed foods. After consuming all of these unhealthy calories, many do not exercise. In fact, most people lead a sedentary lifestyle. This is especially true for the working population that sits behind a desk for eight hours daily. This has increased the risk of diseases like diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Thankfully, alternative medicine practitioners are also gaining in popularity, so people are learning how to properly care for their body and health.

Link Between Sugar and Cognitive Impairment

Studies show that eating a diet that's high in high-fructose corn syrup, or HFCS , can cause substantial adverse of your cognitive abilities due to a decline in your synaptic activity. Research was performed using rats, which were fed fructose syrup over six weeks, and they showed signs of cognitive impairment. Because of this, they were not able to find their way out of the maze. Their brains were having problems signaling each other, which preverted them from thinking clearly and properly recalling their route through the maze.

This research alone gives you a sneak peak into what HFCS is likely doing to the brain of a human being.

Obesity and Brain Aging

Other studies have been performed with people, showing that overweight individuals have a higher loss of white brain matter than those who are not. Some have even found a connection between Alzheimer's and obesity. In this study, no differences in thinking skills were found. Improving your lifestyle and diet is key for losing weight. You can consult with alternative medicine practitioners about how to increase your weight issues.

Improve Cognition with the Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet is well-known for its weight loss capabilities, but it's also great for boosting your cognitive skills. A review was done of 135 studies, which showcase the positive cognitive effects of the Mediterranean diet. It also helped to reduce the risk of Alzheimer's. In the report published in Medical News Today, it states that the participants that ate the Mediterranean diet witnessed enhanced long-term and working memory. They also had improved delayed recognition, visual constructs and executive memory.

With the assistance of alternative medicine practitioners, you can fine tune your diet, so you can shed extra weight. You can also obtain allergy testing to determine if you are allergic to certain foods in the Mediterranean diet before making the switch. If so, natural allergy treatments can be provided to eliminate the symptoms.

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Is This Damaging Your Brain?

I'm sure you're aware that there are many things that can damage your brain: for example, illness, accidents, injuries, toxins, infections, and medicines.

But did you know that toxic relationships, stress, dissatisfaction with your job, loneliness, fear or a high level of anxiety, and depression are all factors that can damage your brain as well as your body? Your mind influences your mental health as well as your physical health.

The mind and the body are not separate. They work together to help you survive. In other words, a healthy mind equals a healthy body.

Does this topic seem a bit scary?

It should not be. Reading this article will help you to learn more how to improve your overall health, both physical and mental. But before you can accomplish this, you have to start paying attention to your brain. Why? Because everything starts and ends with it.

The first thing to remember is this: Do not think “sick” if you do not want to get sick!

How many people pay attention to the connection between their illness and their unsatisfying or abusive relationships, chronic stress, or fear?

How often has your physician expressed an interest in your present relationships, your social life, your stress level, your fears, or your anxiety? Not much, or sometimes not at all? I understand.

The mind-body connection works, but many medical professionals ignore the knowledge and teachings to be gained from an alternative, non-traditional, holistic, Eastern approach to medical problems. Even worse is the fact that some of them do not believe in the place effect or spontaneous remission, which is defined as “a temporary or permanent reduction of manifestations of a disease.” ( http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/remission ).

A pill will not save your marriage or reduce your stress, but understanding what's going on in your life can save your relationship, reduce your stress, or even heal your sickness.

Problems at home (relationships, spouse, job, kids, financial situation) are actually chronic stress, which negatively affect the immune, metabolic, and cardiovascular systems. Ultimately, it will attack the brain, causing changes to the brain structure. These changes, which result in impaired function, causing problems with memory, decision making, concentration, orientation, and reasoning, are also associated with dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

It's important to remember, however, that you are the one in control of your health.

Consider the field of epigenetics. The term refers to “external modifications to DNA that turn genes” on “or” off “( http://www.livescience.com/37703-epigenetics.html ). environment, nutrition, exercise, social life, positive or negative thoughts, and your emotions.

When you accept a fact that changes your thoughts, emotions, and behavior, you are changing your internal chemistry, either for good or for bad. When these changes occur, you can clearly see the relationship between the mind and the body.

In terms of your health, your mind has only two options: to make you well or to make you sick.

Change your thoughts and your behaviors for the better, and you'll also change your biochemistry for the better.

Your thoughts could be your medicine, if you know how to properly address the cause of the illness. Sometimes, however, even medicine can not logically explain everything, such as phenomena like spontaneous remission or the placebo effect.

You need to keep your hopes high and believe that you can heal yourself … just by the ways in which you think and behave.

What you believe is detected in your body. And what is detected in your body affects your mind. Make no mistake: The connection between your brain and your body is a strong one. Now it's up to you to make it a good one.

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Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders Share Cause and Effect Bond

Diagnosing and treating an addiction can be a daunting task, especially when an additional mental health disorder firms an existing addiction. Such coexisting conditions feed on each other by mimicking each other's symptoms, making the problem persistent.

Coexisting disorders can be wide-ranging, from an individual falling prey to mild depression because of excessive alcohol consumption to someone exhibiting extreme manifestations of bipolar disorder leading to repeated heroin abuse. Neverheless, the high rate of prevalence of coexisting disorders is a popular area of ​​research among health experts.

According to various studies, either of the two can develop first. Self-medication in the form of alcohol, drugs or any other intoxicant may appear as a remedy for someone experiencing a mental health-related problem, whereas a full-blown drug abuser may end up with a mental disorder.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 50 percent of general psychiatric patients also have a substance use disorder. Unfortunately, only 7.4 percent of individuals of these receive treatment for both the conditions.

Are coexisting disorders a common occurrence?

Studies have shown that a high proportion of people with prior substance use disorders are also prone to suffer from mental health disorders. Around 37 percent of alcoholics and 53 percent of drug abusers face a high risk of developing a mental illness at any given point.

Men are more vulnerable to develop a coexisting disorder than women. Other people who face a significant high risk include individuals from lower social and economic groups, veterans from the armed forces and those with other general medical illnesses.

It has been observed that genes and other hereditary factors may put individuals at a high risk of addiction and mental health-related problems. Further, there is a great possibility that some of these genetic factors may overlap. Neverheless, overlapping susceptibilities may indicate that these people are more prone to developing multiple disorders than others.

Additionally, people with impaired brain functions are also more susceptible to dual disorders due to a serious defect in their reward and stress functions. It has been proved that those suffering from schizophrenia and those who are addicted to drugs have impaired reward pathways with intensified dopamine activity. The pleasures surrounding daily activities in life are far less impacting as compared to the addictive reward of drugs.

Finally, a combination of an individual's environmental and developmental factors, such as trauma, other stress-causing elements, history of drug use or any mental health issue, also play a vital role in heightening the risk of developing coexisting disorders.

Road to recovery

While there is no one way to treat coexisting disorders, considering the individualized nature of such challenges, treatments can be successful only if they follow an integrated approach to address both the conditions at the same time. It is essential to treat both the conditions simultaneously, as addressing only one paves the way for the untreated condition to relapse. Thus, an integrated treatment that can cater to both theorders is always the answer.

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Sociopath or Narcissist?

If you're in an abusive relationship, you may wonder if your partner is a narcissist or sociopath and whether or not the relationship will improve. If so, or if you recently ended such a relationship, it can limit your self-esteem and ability to trust yourself and others.

The labels sociopath and psychopath have often been used interchangeably; however, sociopathy is correctly referred to “Anti-Social Personality Disorder.” (APD) Unlike mood disorders, which fluctuate, personality disorders, including APD and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), are enduring, pervasive – affecting a wide range of situations, and are difficult to treat. Signs may be evidenced by discrimination, but a diagnosis is not made until adulthood.

Diagnosis of Anti-Social Personality Disorder

To qualify for a diagnosis of APD, the patient must have had a conduct disorder by 15 years old, and show at least four of these exercises:

Does not maintain consistent work (or school)
Does not conform to social norms, including unlawful behavior wherever or not arrested
Disregards the truth, indicated by repeated chewing, conning, using aliases, not paying debts
Impulsive or failures to plan ahead; moves around without a goal
Irritable and aggressive; eg, fights or assaults
Recklessly disregards safety of self or others
Consistently irresponsible, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
Lacks remorse, and feet justified in having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
Does not sustain monogamy for more than one year
Irresponsible and negligent as a parent
Types of Narcissists – Malignant and Closet Narcissist

Some narcissists can look like sociopaths, but there are narcissists who are not malicious and who care about their families. Those who have all or most of the 9 criteria for a diagnosis of NPD (only five are necessary), and who exhibit them intensely and / or frequently, are considered malignant narcissists. They're more exploitative, vicious, and destructive.

There are several types of narcissists – ranging from the common “Exhibitionist Narcissist” to the inhibited or “Closet Narcissist,” coined by psychoanalyst James Masterson. They may have an inferior self-image and show evidence of depression and emptiness, which the exhibitionist narcissist also has but hides, (also from him or herself). Rather than seek attention, the closet narcissist may shun it and even act humble. Like codependents, they are uplifted through the idealization of others. Contrary to some popular beliefs, this does not make codependents closet narcissists. The latter still lack real empathy and believe in their specialness and sense of entitlement, even in their martyrdom.

Comparing Sociopaths and Narcissists

Both sociopaths and malignant narcissists can be charming, intelligent, seductive, and successful. They share similar tracks of being unreliable, self-centered, insincere, dishonest, and needing control. Both malignant narcissists and people with APD have an inflated view of themselves and sense of entitlement. Even when they're abusive, they believe they're justified and deny responsibility for their behavior. They lack insight, empathy, and emotional responsiveness. Although they may feign appropriate emotional reactions, this is a learned behavior and not really felt. Narcissists who have fewer and less severe symptoms, along with “narcissistic” people who do not have full-blown NPD, can have insight, guilt, remorse, and an ability to emotionally connect, as well as love.

Differences between Sociopaths and Narcissists

While sociopaths qualify as narcissists, not all narcissists are sociopaths. What drives them differs. But the main distinction is that a sociopath is more cunning and manipulative, because their ego is not always at stake. In fact, they do not have any real personality. They're the ultimate con artists and can take on any persona that suits them. So, they may be harder to spot, because they're not trying to impress you or win your approval – unless it serves their agenda. Instead of bragging, their conversation might center on you rather than on themselves, and they can even be self-effacing and apologetic if it serves their goal.

Like premeditated killers, a sociopath is more calculating and may plot and plan an attack months in advance; whereas, a narcissist is more likely to react sooner, using intimidation and lies. Sociopaths are lazier and try to swindle, steal, or exploit others financially, while many narcissists although exploitative, work hard to achieve their aims or perfection. Although both characters may be motivated to win at all costs, narcissists are more interested in what you think of them. They need others' admiration. This makes them dependent and codependent on others, and actually capable of being manipulated. They're less likely to divorce their spouse than a sociopath, who might leave or leave if they're exposed or do not get what they want.

Help and Treatment

People with NPD or APD do not usually seek treatment, unless, in the case of NPD, they're experiencing severe stress, depression, or their partner insists. Those with APD are sometimes unwillingly court-ordered to therapy, which in itself becomes a hurdle to overcome in terms of trust and receptivity. Therapy should focus on helping them access their feelings and learn from the negative consequences of their behavior.

Many narcissists can improve with treatment, and those who have insight can benefit from psychodynamic psychotherapy. If you suspect you're in a relationship with a narcissist, learn about and get a checklist of narcissistic behaviors.

Everyone is unique, and people do not always fit neatly into defined categories. Severe NPD resembles APD, and any differences are really irrelevant. Do not be concerned with diagnosing; instead, put your energy into healing yourself from trauma or PTSD and codependency. If you're in an abusive relationship, seek help immediately. Either staying nor leaving is easy. Focus on gaining awareness, protecting yourself, and getting help and support.

© DarleneLancer 2016

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The Role Of A Counsellor

That seemingly straightforward question, “What do you do?” is one of the most difficult for a counselor to respond to. Simply answering “counselers listen” sounds like an annoy, and responding with the scientific theory is way too long-winded. Counselors do in deed listen but they do so in a very elaborate and structured way. In a general conversation both parties will be listening to each other for cues that enable each to contribute. The listening in a counseling relationship is much more one-sided. The basic act of listening can be substantially therapeutic.

Counselor's try to read their clients to enable them to create a setting in which they will feel safe to explore their most inner thoughts. A counselor will concentrate their attention entirely on the client, so that, in effect, what is personally concerned to them since what is also personally relating to the counselor while we are together. It is important that the counselor does not bombard the client with a lot of questions. Offering a response that is reflective, even meditative at times, can help deeper concerns rise to the surface, and can gradually inform the client that this is not a setting in which the counselor is going to be making judgments about right and wrong.

Counseling focuses on the truth and what is important for the individual client; it is not a moral courtroom in which the client's history or behavior will be used as evidence to assess their personal value. Clients seeking counseling for the first time can feel blissful relief at receiving such full and much-needed attention; others may feel very anxious about revealing their most inner thoughts and experiences for fear of being judged. It is important to remember that as a counselor it is their role not just to listen to the actual words spoken by the client, but to also read the hidden meanings, verbal, intuitive or physical, that the client is communicating, and to feed them back in a form this is not judicialal, but empathic and understanding of the real, original cause of the presenting problem. It is important that a counselor builds a relationship with their client.

As you can see it is difficult to try to describe what the role of a counselor actually is and what a counselor does in the consulting room. But although it has become more clear after reading this why that is a good rather than a bad thing.

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